Smoke-free Home Rules

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In 2010 to 2011, 84.2% of adults aged 18 years and older reported a smoke-free home environment.

Summary graph for Smoke-free Home Rules, Click to see detailed view of graph

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Introduction

Conclusive scientific evidence documents that secondhand smoke (SHS) causes premature death and disease in children and adults who do not smoke. Exposure to SHS by adults has immediate adverse effects on the cardiovascular system, and long-term exposure to SHS causes coronary heart disease and lung cancer. Children exposed to SHS are at increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome, acute respiratory infections, middle ear disease, more severe asthma, respiratory symptoms, and slowed lung growth.

Today, comprehensive smoke-free laws, covering public places and workplaces, including restaurants and bars are increasingly the norm.  Additionally, smoke-free polices now extend to private spaces, including cars and multi-unit housing.

Many individuals and families, including both smokers and non-smokers, have adopted voluntary smoke-free rules for their homes, reflecting a change in community social norms. For children, smoking in the home is the main source of exposure to SHS. Studies have found that adoption of smoke-free home rules is a significant predictor of smoking cessation success.

Due to shared ventilation ducts and other related airborne conduits, SHS exposure may occur within multiunit housing by smoke drifting to the homes of non-smokers. To protect non-smokers living within public housing, the US Department of Housing and Urban Development has proposed a rule making all public housing smoke-free.

Measure

The percentage of respondents reporting a smoke-free home.

Healthy People 2020 Target

  • Increase the proportion of smoke-free homes to 87 percent.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Data Source

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

By Sex

Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by sex, 1992-2011
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2010 to 2011)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by sex, 1992-2011 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 84.2 (83.8 - 84.5)
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 83.1 (82.6 - 83.5)
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 85.2 (84.9 - 85.5)

By Race/Ethnicity

Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by race/ethnicity, 1992-2011
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2010 to 2011)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by race/ethnicity, 1992-2011 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 84.2 (83.8 - 84.5)
Non-Hispanic WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hispanic White 83.1 (82.7 - 83.4)
Non-Hispanic BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hispanic Black 79.3 (78.4 - 80.2)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 90.8 (90.2 - 91.5)

By Age

Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by age, 1992-2011
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2010 to 2011)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by age, 1992-2011 Ages 18-24Click to see the detailed trend graph for Ages 18-24 82.4 (81.6 - 83.3)
Ages 25+Click to see the detailed trend graph for Ages 25+ 84.4 (84.1 - 84.8)

By Sex and Age

Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by sex and age, 1992-2011
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2010 to 2011)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by sex and age, 1992-2011 Males, ages 18-24Click to see the detailed trend graph for Males, ages 18-24 81.5 (80.3 - 82.8)
Males, ages 25+Click to see the detailed trend graph for Males, ages 25+ 83.3 (82.9 - 83.7)
Females, ages 18-24Click to see the detailed trend graph for Females, ages 18-24 83.3 (82.2 - 84.3)
Females, ages 25+Click to see the detailed trend graph for Females, ages 25+ 85.5 (85.1 - 85.8)

By Poverty Income Level

Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by poverty income level, 1998-2011
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2010 to 2011)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by poverty income level, 1998-2011 < 200% of the federal poverty levelClick to see the detailed trend graph for < 200% of the federal poverty level 77.3 (76.7 - 77.9)
>= 200% of the federal poverty levelClick to see the detailed trend graph for >= 200% of the federal poverty level 88.0 (87.6 - 88.3)

By Education Level

Percentage of adults aged 25 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by highest level of education obtained, 1992-2011
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2010 to 2011)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 25 years and older reporting a smoke-free home environment by highest level of education obtained, 1992-2011 Less than High SchoolClick to see the detailed trend graph for Less than High School 76.9 (76.0 - 77.8)
High SchoolClick to see the detailed trend graph for High School 78.8 (78.2 - 79.5)
Greater than High SchoolClick to see the detailed trend graph for Greater than High School 88.4 (88.1 - 88.7)

Additional Information on Smoke-free Home Rules

For the public

Scientific reports

Statistics

Year Range

1992-2011

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2010-2

Summary Tables

Secondhand Smoke

Recent Summary Trend

Non-Significant Change

Desired Direction

Rising