Survival

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For cancers diagnosed in 2009, 69.3% survived the cancer for at least five years.

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Introduction

Advances in the ways that cancer is diagnosed and treated have increased the number of people who live disease-free for long periods of time. This report looks at trends in 5-year survival rates for cancer, the time period traditionally associated with good prognosis. However, some people will experience a recurrence of their cancer after 5 years.

Measure

Five-year relative cancer survival: The proportion of patients surviving cancer 5 years after diagnosis calculated in the absence of other causes of death. This  percentage is the proportion of observed survivors in a cohort of cancer patients to the proportion of expected survivors.

Five-year cause specific survival: The proportion of patients surviving a specified cause of cancer death 5 years after diagnosis. Deaths from other causes are not considered cause-specific deaths.

While relative survival is the typical SEER measure, five-year cause specific survival is used to show survival rates by race/ethnicity since expected rates are not available for several of the race/ethnicity groups.

Healthy People 2020 Target

  • Increase the proportion of cancer survivors who are living 5 years or longer after diagnosis to 71.7 percent.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.
Note: Goals are indicated as blue line on Detailed Trend Graphs.

Data Source

SEER Program, National Cancer Institute, 1975–2009 with follow-up through 2014.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

All Cancer Sites Combined

By Sex
5-year relative survival for all cancer sites combined by sex, 1975-2009
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2009)
Percent surviving 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year relative survival for all cancer sites combined by sex, 1975-2009 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 69.3 69.0 - 69.7
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 69.6 69.1 - 70.0
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 69.1 68.6 - 69.5
By Race/Ethnicity
5-year cause-specific survival for all cancer sites combined by race/ethnicity, 1992-2009
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2009)
Percent surviving 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year cause-specific survival for all cancer sites combined by race/ethnicity, 1992-2009 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 69.2 69.0 - 69.4
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 69.9 69.6 - 70.1
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 64.3 63.5 - 65.1
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 68.3 67.6 - 69.0
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 66.2 65.4 - 67.0
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 61.6 58.5 - 64.5

Top Cancer Sites

Comparison of Top Cancer Sites
5-year relative survival for the most common cancers, 1975-2009
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2009)
Percent surviving 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year relative survival for the most common cancers, 1975-2009 Colon and RectumClick to see the detailed trend graph for Colon and Rectum 66.4 65.2 - 67.5
Lung and BronchusClick to see the detailed trend graph for Lung and Bronchus 19.6 18.8 - 20.3
Female BreastClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female Breast 91.3 90.6 - 91.9
ProstateClick to see the detailed trend graph for Prostate 99.3 98.8 - 99.6
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Sex
5-year relative survival for colon and rectum cancer by sex, 1975-2009
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2009)
Percent surviving 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year relative survival for colon and rectum cancer by sex, 1975-2009 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 66.4 65.2 - 67.5
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 66.6 65.0 - 68.1
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 66.2 64.5 - 67.8
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
5-year cause-specific survival for colon and rectum cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2009
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2009)
Percent surviving 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year cause-specific survival for colon and rectum cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2009 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 66.3 65.5 - 67.1
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 66.4 65.4 - 67.3
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 61.4 58.9 - 63.8
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 65.7 63.2 - 68.0
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 68.3 66.0 - 70.5
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 64.6 55.8 - 72.1
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Sex
5-year relative survival for lung and bronchus cancer by sex, 1975-2009
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2009)
Percent surviving 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year relative survival for lung and bronchus cancer by sex, 1975-2009 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 19.6 18.8 - 20.3
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 16.5 15.5 - 17.5
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 22.9 21.8 - 24.1
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
5-year cause-specific survival for lung and bronchus cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2009
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2009)
Percent surviving 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year cause-specific survival for lung and bronchus cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2009 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 20.9 20.3 - 21.6
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 21.2 20.4 - 22.0
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 19.8 17.9 - 21.8
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 18.8 16.4 - 21.3
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 20.0 17.9 - 22.1
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 19.4 12.1 - 28.0
Female Breast Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
5-year cause-specific survival for female breast cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2009
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2009)
Percent surviving 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year cause-specific survival for female breast cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2009 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 89.1 88.7 - 89.5
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 89.7 89.3 - 90.2
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 81.6 80.0 - 83.2
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 87.8 86.4 - 89.1
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 91.9 90.7 - 92.9
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 83.8 76.8 - 88.8
Prostate Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
5-year cause-specific survival for prostate cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2009
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2009)
Percent surviving 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year cause-specific survival for prostate cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2009 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 94.4 94.1 - 94.7
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 94.6 94.2 - 94.9
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 93.4 92.5 - 94.2
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 92.9 91.8 - 93.9
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 94.2 92.9 - 95.2
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 88.4 80.4 - 93.2

Additional Information on Survival

For the public

For health professionals

Scientific reports

Statistics

Year Range

1975-2009

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2005-2009

Summary Tables

Survival, Smoking, Obesity, Physical Activity

Recent Summary Trend

Rising

Desired Direction

Rising