Survival

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For cancers diagnosed in 2008, 68.9% survived the cancer for at least five years.

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Introduction

Advances in the ways that cancer is diagnosed and treated have increased the number of people who live disease-free for long periods of time. This report looks at trends in 5-year survival rates for cancer, the time period traditionally associated with good prognosis. However, some people will experience a recurrence of their cancer after 5 years.

Measure

Five-year relative cancer survival: The proportion of patients surviving cancer 5 years after diagnosis calculated in the absence of other causes of death. This  percentage is the proportion of observed survivors in a cohort of cancer patients to the proportion of expected survivors.

Five-year cause specific survival: The proportion of patients surviving a specified cause of death 5 years after diagnosis. Deaths from other causes are not considered cause-specific deaths.

This report shows survival for cancers of the prostate, female breast, colon/rectum, and lung/bronchus. It also shows survival for all cancers combined.

Healthy People 2020 Target

  • Increase the proportion of cancer survivors who are living 5 years or longer after diagnosis to 71.7 percent.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Data Source

SEER Program, National Cancer Institute, 1975–2008 with follow-up through 2013.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

All Cancer Sites Combined

By Sex
5-year relative survival for all cancer sites combined by sex, 1975-2008
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2008)
Percent surviving Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year relative survival for all cancer sites combined by sex, 1975-2008 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 68.9 (68.6 - 69.2)
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 69.4 (68.9 - 69.9)
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 68.3 (67.9 - 68.8)
By Race/Ethnicity
5-year cause-specific survival for all cancer sites combined by race/ethnicity, 1992-2008
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2008)
Percent surviving Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year cause-specific survival for all cancer sites combined by race/ethnicity, 1992-2008 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 68.9 (68.7 - 69.2)
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 69.6 (69.3 - 69.8)
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 63.9 (63.1 - 64.7)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 68.3 (67.5 - 69.0)
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 66.9 (66.1 - 67.7)
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 57.4 (54.2 - 60.6)

Top Cancer Sites

Comparison of Top Cancer Sites
5-year relative survival for the most common cancers, 1975-2008
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2008)
Percent surviving Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year relative survival for the most common cancers, 1975-2008 Colon and RectumClick to see the detailed trend graph for Colon and Rectum 67.2 (66.1 - 68.4)
Lung and BronchusClick to see the detailed trend graph for Lung and Bronchus 18.7 (18.0 - 19.5)
Female BreastClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female Breast 90.6 (89.9 - 91.2)
ProstateClick to see the detailed trend graph for Prostate 99.1 (98.7 - 99.6)
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Sex
5-year relative survival for colon and rectum cancer by sex, 1975-2008
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2008)
Percent surviving Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year relative survival for colon and rectum cancer by sex, 1975-2008 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 67.2 (66.1 - 68.4)
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 67.5 (65.9 - 69.1)
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 67.0 (65.4 - 68.6)
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
5-year cause-specific survival for colon and rectum cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2008
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2008)
Percent surviving Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year cause-specific survival for colon and rectum cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2008 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 67.2 (66.4 - 68.0)
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 67.5 (66.6 - 68.4)
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 59.9 (57.3 - 62.4)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 66.6 (64.2 - 69.0)
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 70.8 (68.5 - 73.0)
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 67.7 (58.9 - 76.6)
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Sex
5-year relative survival for lung and bronchus cancer by sex, 1975-2008
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2008)
Percent surviving Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year relative survival for lung and bronchus cancer by sex, 1975-2008 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 18.7 (18.0 - 19.5)
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 16.7 (15.7 - 17.7)
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 21.0 (19.8 - 22.1)
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
5-year cause-specific survival for lung and bronchus cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2008
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2008)
Percent surviving Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year cause-specific survival for lung and bronchus cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2008 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 20.9 (20.2 - 21.5)
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 21.3 (20.5 - 22.0)
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 18.5 (16.6 - 20.4)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 20.8 (18.2 - 23.4)
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 20.6 (18.4 - 22.7)
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 14.7 (7.9 - 21.6)
Female Breast Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
5-year cause-specific survival for female breast cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2008
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2008)
Percent surviving Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year cause-specific survival for female breast cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2008 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 88.7 (88.3 - 89.1)
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 89.2 (88.8 - 89.7)
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 80.9 (79.2 - 82.5)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 87.0 (85.6 - 88.4)
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 91.7 (90.6 - 92.8)
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 83.7 (77.3 - 90.1)
Prostate Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
5-year cause-specific survival for prostate cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2008
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2008)
Percent surviving Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for 5-year cause-specific survival for prostate cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2008 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 94.5 (94.2 - 94.7)
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 94.4 (94.1 - 94.8)
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 94.1 (93.3 - 94.9)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 93.6 (92.6 - 94.6)
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 94.3 (93.2 - 95.4)
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 94.0 (88.9 - 99.1)

Year Range

1975-2008

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2004-2008

Summary Tables

Survival, Smoking, Obesity, Physical Activity

Recent Summary Trend

Rising

Desired Direction

Rising