Person-Years of Life Lost

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No trend data are available for person-years of life lost

Introduction

Death rates alone do not provide a complete picture of the burden that deaths impose on the population. Another useful measure that may add a different dimension is person-years of life lost (PYLL)—the years of life lost because of early death from a particular cause or disease. PYLL caused by cancer helps to describe the extent to which life is cut short by cancer.

Measure

Person-Years of Life Lost is measured as the difference between the actual age stemming from the disease/cause and the expected age of death due to a particular disease or cause. Specifically, this measure is estimated by linking life table data to each death of a person of a given age and sex. The life table permits a determination of the number of additional years an average person of that age, race, and sex would have been expected to live.

Average Years of Life Lost represents Person-Years of Life Lost divided by the number of people who lost their lives.

Healthy People 2020 Target

There is no Healthy People 2020 target for this measure.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Data Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, 2013.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

Person-years of Life Lost

All Causes of Death, All Races, Both Sexes
Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, both sexes Malignant Neoplasms 9186
Heart Disease 7283
Accidents 3809
Chronic Lung Disease 1785
Cerebrovascular 1413
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 1396
Diabetes Mellitus 1135
Cirrohosis 835
Homicide 749
Pneumonia & Influenza 634
Nephritis & Nephrosis 556
Alzheimers Disease 546
Septicemia 542
HIV 213
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 136
Atherosclerosis 57
All Other Causes 8612
All Causes of Death, All Races, Males
Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, males
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, males Malignant Neoplasms 4567
Heart Disease 4251
Accidents 2525
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 1057
Chronic Lung Disease 815
Cerebrovascular 647
Diabetes Mellitus 613
Homicide 595
Cirrohosis 534
Pneumonia & Influenza 313
Nephritis & Nephrosis 276
Septicemia 258
Alzheimers Disease 170
HIV 150
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 86
Atherosclerosis 26
All Other Causes 4278
All Causes of Death, All Races, Females
Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, females
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, females Malignant Neoplasms 4619
Heart Disease 3031
Accidents 1284
Chronic Lung Disease 970
Cerebrovascular 765
Diabetes Mellitus 522
Alzheimers Disease 376
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 339
Pneumonia & Influenza 321
Cirrohosis 301
Septicemia 284
Nephritis & Nephrosis 280
Homicide 154
HIV 63
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 50
Atherosclerosis 31
All Other Causes 4334
Cancer, All Races, Both Sexes
Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes Lung & Bronchus 2372
Colon & Rectum 800
Breast (Female) 773
Pancreas 583
Liver & IBD 415
Leukemia 368
Brain & ONS 336
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 281
Prostate 274
Ovary 250
Esophagus 236
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 219
Stomach 184
Urinary Bladder 179
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 163
Melanoma of the Skin 161
Myeloma 160
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 154
Cervix Uteri 112
Childhood Ages (0-14) 92
Hodgkin Lymphoma 24
Testis 13
Cancer, All Races, Males
Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, males
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, males Lung & Bronchus 1242
Colon & Rectum 425
Pancreas 301
Liver & IBD 287
Prostate 274
Leukemia 206
Esophagus 190
Brain & ONS 182
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 157
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 142
Urinary Bladder 126
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 110
Stomach 108
Melanoma of the Skin 101
Myeloma 86
Childhood Ages (0-14) 48
Hodgkin Lymphoma 14
Testis 13
Cancer, All Races, Females
Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, females
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2013 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, females Lung & Bronchus 1130
Breast (Female) 773
Colon & Rectum 375
Pancreas 282
Ovary 250
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 163
Leukemia 162
Brain & ONS 154
Liver & IBD 128
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 124
Cervix Uteri 112
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 77
Stomach 76
Myeloma 75
Melanoma of the Skin 60
Urinary Bladder 53
Esophagus 46
Childhood Ages (0-14) 45
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 44
Hodgkin Lymphoma 10

Average Years of Life Lost

Average-years of life lost in 2013 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost
Thumbnail of graph for Average-years of life lost in 2013 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes Childhood Ages (0-14) 71.8
Testis 35.1
Cervix Uteri 26.5
Hodgkin Lymphoma 22.1
Brain & ONS 21.9
Breast (Female) 18.9
Ovary 17.5
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 17.4
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 17.4
Liver & IBD 17.3
Melanoma of the Skin 17.1
Stomach 16.3
Esophagus 16.1
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 15.8
All Sites Combined 15.7
Leukemia 15.6
Colon & Rectum 15.4
Lung & Bronchus 15.2
Pancreas 14.9
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 14.0
Myeloma 13.6
Urinary Bladder 11.3
Prostate 9.9

Additional Information on Person-Years of Life Lost

Year Range

2012

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

No trend data are available for person-years of life lost.

Summary Tables

End of Life

Recent Summary Trend

n/a

Desired Direction

Falling