Years of Life Lost

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In 2018, the average years of life lost due to cancer was 15.3.

Summary graph for Years of Life Lost, Click to see detailed view of graph

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Background

Death rates alone do not provide a complete picture of the burden that deaths impose on the population. Another useful measure that may add a different dimension is years of life lost (YLL)—the years of life lost because of early death from a particular cause or disease. YLL caused by cancer helps to describe the extent to which the lives of people with cancer are cut short.

Measure

Years of Life Lost is measured as the difference between the actual age stemming from the disease/cause and the expected age of death due to a particular disease or cause. Specifically, this measure is estimated by linking life table data to each death of a person of a given age and sex. The life table permits a determination of the number of additional years an average person of that age, race, and sex would have been expected to live.

Average Years of Life Lost represents Years of Life Lost divided by the number of people who lost their lives.

Healthy People 2030 Target

There is no Healthy People 2030 target for this measure.

Healthy People 2030 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Data Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, 1975-2018.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

Average Years of Life Lost

By Sex
Average-years of life lost due to cancer by sex, 1975-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Average-years of life lost 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Average-years of life lost due to cancer by sex, 1975-2018 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 15.3 Not available
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 14.3 Not available
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 16.4 Not available
Cancer, All Races, Both Sexes
Average-years of life lost in 2018 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost
Thumbnail of graph for Average-years of life lost in 2018 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes Childhood Ages (0-14) 71.4
Testis 34.7
Cervix Uteri 26.1
Brain & ONS 21.5
Hodgkin Lymphoma 19.1
Breast (Female) 18.7
Ovary 17.6
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 17.4
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 16.9
Liver & IBD 16.7
Melanoma of the Skin 16.5
Stomach 16.4
Esophagus 15.9
Colon & Rectum 15.6
Leukemia 15.6
All Sites Combined 15.5
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 15.4
Pancreas 15.0
Lung & Bronchus 14.9
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 13.6
Myeloma 13.4
Urinary Bladder 11.0
Prostate 9.9

Person-years of Life Lost

All Causes of Death, All Races, Both Sexes
Person-years of life lost in 2018 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2018 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, both sexes Malignant Cancers 9,275
Heart Disease 7,592
Accidents 4,811
Chronic Lung Disease 1,870
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 1,539
Cerebrovascular 1,528
Diabetes Mellitus 1,218
Cirrhosis 919
Homicide 869
Alzheimers Disease 741
Pneumonia & Influenza 610
Nephritis & Nephrosis 602
Septicemia 587
HIV 174
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 140
Atherosclerosis 49
All Other Causes 8,986
All Causes of Death, All Races, Males
Person-years of life lost in 2018 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, males
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2018 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, males Malignant Cancers 4,588
Heart Disease 4,436
Accidents 3,244
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 1,158
Chronic Lung Disease 856
Cerebrovascular 702
Homicide 691
Diabetes Mellitus 673
Cirrhosis 569
Pneumonia & Influenza 303
Nephritis & Nephrosis 302
Septicemia 282
Alzheimers Disease 229
HIV 123
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 89
Atherosclerosis 24
All Other Causes 4,514
All Causes of Death, All Races, Females
Person-years of life lost in 2018 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, females
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2018 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, females Malignant Cancers 4,687
Heart Disease 3,156
Accidents 1,566
Chronic Lung Disease 1,014
Cerebrovascular 826
Diabetes Mellitus 546
Alzheimers Disease 512
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 382
Cirrhosis 350
Pneumonia & Influenza 307
Septicemia 305
Nephritis & Nephrosis 300
Homicide 178
HIV 52
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 51
Atherosclerosis 25
All Other Causes 4,471
Cancer, All Races, Both Sexes
Person-years of life lost in 2018 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2018 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes Lung & Bronchus 2,218
Colon & Rectum 816
Breast (Female) 775
Pancreas 640
Liver & IBD 445
Leukemia 362
Brain & ONS 361
Prostate 300
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 277
Ovary 251
Esophagus 247
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 213
Stomach 188
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 187
Urinary Bladder 184
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 171
Myeloma 164
Melanoma of the Skin 135
Cervix Uteri 109
Childhood Ages (0-14) 94
Hodgkin Lymphoma 19
Testis 15
Cancer, All Races, Males
Person-years of life lost in 2018 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, males
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2018 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, males Lung & Bronchus 1,149
Colon & Rectum 431
Pancreas 326
Liver & IBD 302
Prostate 300
Leukemia 202
Brain & ONS 199
Esophagus 197
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 157
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 139
Urinary Bladder 129
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 122
Stomach 109
Myeloma 88
Melanoma of the Skin 85
Childhood Ages (0-14) 51
Testis 15
Hodgkin Lymphoma 11
Cancer, All Races, Females
Person-years of life lost in 2018 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, females
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2018 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, females Lung & Bronchus 1,069
Breast (Female) 775
Colon & Rectum 385
Pancreas 314
Ovary 251
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 187
Brain & ONS 163
Leukemia 161
Liver & IBD 143
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 119
Cervix Uteri 109
Stomach 79
Myeloma 76
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 74
Urinary Bladder 55
Melanoma of the Skin 50
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 50
Esophagus 50
Childhood Ages (0-14) 44
Hodgkin Lymphoma 8

Additional Information on Years of Life Lost

  • SEER Cancer Statistics Review. National Cancer Institute.
  • Life Tables. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System.

Year Range

1975-2018

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2014-2018

Summary Tables

End of Life

Recent Summary Trend

Falling

Desired Direction

Falling