Person-Years of Life Lost

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No trend data are available for person-years of life lost

Introduction

Death rates alone do not provide a complete picture of the burden that deaths impose on the population. Another useful measure that may add a different dimension is person-years of life lost (PYLL)—the years of life lost because of early death from a particular cause or disease. PYLL caused by cancer helps to describe the extent to which life is cut short by cancer.

Measure

Person-Years of Life Lost is measured as the difference between the actual age stemming from the disease/cause and the expected age of death due to a particular disease or cause. Specifically, this measure is estimated by linking life table data to each death of a person of a given age and sex. The life table permits a determination of the number of additional years an average person of that age, race, and sex would have been expected to live.

Average Years of Life Lost represents Person-Years of Life Lost divided by the number of people who lost their lives.

Healthy People 2020 Target

There is no Healthy People 2020 target for this measure.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Data Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, 2014.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

Person-years of Life Lost

All Causes of Death, All Races, Both Sexes
Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, both sexes Malignant Neoplasms 9,305
Heart Disease 7,392
Accidents 3,958
Chronic Lung Disease 1,784
Cerebrovascular 1,459
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 1,451
Diabetes Mellitus 1,164
Cirrhosis 871
Homicide 736
Pneumonia & Influenza 669
Alzheimers Disease 602
Nephritis & Nephrosis 574
Septicemia 564
HIV 205
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 139
Atherosclerosis 54
All Other Causes 8,695
All Causes of Death, All Races, Males
Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, males
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, males Malignant Neoplasms 4,627
Heart Disease 4,314
Accidents 2,630
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 1,092
Chronic Lung Disease 818
Cerebrovascular 669
Diabetes Mellitus 639
Homicide 583
Cirrhosis 548
Pneumonia & Influenza 331
Nephritis & Nephrosis 291
Septicemia 265
Alzheimers Disease 185
HIV 144
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 89
Atherosclerosis 26
All Other Causes 4,334
All Causes of Death, All Races, Females
Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, females
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to major causes of death, total U.S., all races, females Malignant Neoplasms 4,678
Heart Disease 3,078
Accidents 1,328
Chronic Lung Disease 966
Cerebrovascular 790
Diabetes Mellitus 525
Alzheimers Disease 418
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 359
Pneumonia & Influenza 339
Cirrhosis 323
Septicemia 298
Nephritis & Nephrosis 283
Homicide 152
HIV 61
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 50
Atherosclerosis 28
All Other Causes 4,361
Cancer, All Races, Both Sexes
Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes Lung & Bronchus 2,365
Colon & Rectum 804
Breast (Female) 778
Pancreas 611
Liver & IBD 424
Leukemia 368
Brain & ONS 349
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 286
Prostate 284
Ovary 252
Esophagus 242
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 216
Stomach 185
Urinary Bladder 179
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 170
Myeloma 163
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 162
Melanoma of the Skin 159
Cervix Uteri 109
Childhood Ages (0-14) 88
Hodgkin Lymphoma 24
Testis 15
Cancer, All Races, Males
Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, males
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, males Lung & Bronchus 1,232
Colon & Rectum 425
Pancreas 316
Liver & IBD 290
Prostate 284
Leukemia 206
Esophagus 194
Brain & ONS 193
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 159
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 144
Urinary Bladder 125
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 118
Stomach 109
Melanoma of the Skin 100
Myeloma 87
Childhood Ages (0-14) 48
Testis 15
Hodgkin Lymphoma 14
Cancer, All Races, Females
Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, females
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2014 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, females Lung & Bronchus 1,133
Breast (Female) 778
Colon & Rectum 379
Pancreas 295
Ovary 252
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 170
Leukemia 162
Brain & ONS 156
Liver & IBD 134
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 127
Cervix Uteri 109
Myeloma 76
Stomach 76
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 72
Melanoma of the Skin 59
Urinary Bladder 54
Esophagus 47
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 44
Childhood Ages (0-14) 40
Hodgkin Lymphoma 10

Average Years of Life Lost

Average-years of life lost in 2014 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost
Thumbnail of graph for Average-years of life lost in 2014 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes Childhood Ages (0-14) 71.7
Testis 36.0
Cervix Uteri 26.4
Hodgkin Lymphoma 22.2
Brain & ONS 21.8
Breast (Female) 18.9
Ovary 17.7
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 17.5
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 17.2
Liver & IBD 17.2
Melanoma of the Skin 17.0
Stomach 16.3
Esophagus 16.2
All Sites Combined 15.7
Leukemia 15.6
Colon & Rectum 15.6
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 15.5
Lung & Bronchus 15.2
Pancreas 15.1
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 14.0
Myeloma 13.5
Urinary Bladder 11.3
Prostate 10.0

Additional Information on Person-Years of Life Lost

For health professionals

Scientific reports

Statistics

Year Range

2012

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

No trend data are available for person-years of life lost.

Summary Tables

End of Life

Recent Summary Trend

n/a

Desired Direction

Falling