Incidence

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In 2014, the rate of new cases of all cancers combined was 446.9 per 100,000 people per year.

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Introduction

Cancer incidence is usually measured as the number of new cases each year for every 100,000 people (for sex-specific cancers, people of the same sex serve as the denominator) and age-adjusted to a standard population to allow comparisons over time.

In 2018, nearly half of all new cancer cases are expected to be cancers of the prostate, female breast, lung, and colon/rectum. According to American Cancer Society projections, about 1,735,350 new cases of cancer are expected to be diagnosed in 2018, including 164,690 cases of prostate cancer, 266,120 cases of female breast cancer, 234,030 cases of lung and bronchus cancer, and 140,250 cases of colon and rectum cancer.

Measure

Incidence rate: the observed number of new cancer cases per 100,000 people per year, adjusted for cancer case reporting delays and based on data from approximately 10 percent of the U.S. population.

Delay adjustment: a method of estimating delayed reporting of incident cases and then adjusting rates to account for this delay.

Healthy People 2020 Target

  • Reduce new cases of invasive colorectal cancer to 39.9 per 100,000 people.
  • Reduce new cases of invasive uterine cervical cancer to 7.2 per 100,000 females.

Note: There is strong evidence that screening can prevent colorectal and uterine cervical cancers.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.
Note: Goals are indicated as blue line on Detailed Trend Graphs.

Data Source

SEER Program, National Cancer Institute, 1975–2014.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

All Cancer Sites Combined

By Sex
Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2014 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 446.9 444.6 - 449.3
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 480.2 476.6 - 483.9
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 426.5 423.4 - 429.7
By Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 429.1 427.1 - 431.0
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 443.3 441.0 - 445.6
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 445.8 439.3 - 452.4
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 345.7 340.9 - 350.4
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 315.1 310.5 - 319.6
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 391.8 369.4 - 415.2

Top Cancer Sites

Comparison of Top Cancer Sites
Rates of new cases of the most common cancers, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of the most common cancers, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2014 Colon and RectumClick to see the detailed trend graph for Colon and Rectum 38.9 38.2 - 39.6
Lung and BronchusClick to see the detailed trend graph for Lung and Bronchus 53.7 52.9 - 54.5
Female BreastClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female Breast 132.3 130.5 - 134.0
ProstateClick to see the detailed trend graph for Prostate 102.9 101.3 - 104.6
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Sex
Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2014 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 38.9 38.2 - 39.6
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 44.1 43.0 - 45.2
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 34.6 33.7 - 35.5
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 38.1 37.5 - 38.7
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 37.5 36.8 - 38.2
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 43.5 41.5 - 45.6
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 34.1 32.6 - 35.6
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 35.0 33.5 - 36.5
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 61.2 52.3 - 71.1
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Sex
Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2014 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 53.7 52.9 - 54.5
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 60.9 59.5 - 62.2
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 48.4 47.4 - 49.5
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 49.4 48.7 - 50.0
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 50.6 49.8 - 51.4
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 57.9 55.5 - 60.3
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 27.5 26.0 - 29.0
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 36.1 34.5 - 37.6
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 38.1 31.1 - 46.0
Female Breast Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of female breast cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of female breast cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 127.0 125.6 - 128.5
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 130.2 128.5 - 132.0
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 128.8 124.4 - 133.4
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 98.0 94.8 - 101.3
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 109.1 105.6 - 112.8
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 115.4 99.9 - 132.5
Prostate Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of prostate cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of prostate cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 99.6 98.3 - 101.0
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 96.6 95.0 - 98.1
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 156.9 151.0 - 162.9
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 83.8 80.1 - 87.5
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 56.2 53.4 - 59.2
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 64.8 50.2 - 81.8

Additional Cancer Site with Healthy People 2020 Targets

Rates of new cases of invasive uterine cervical cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of invasive uterine cervical cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2014 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 6.9 6.6 - 7.3
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 7.0 6.6 - 7.5
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 6.7 5.7 - 7.8
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 8.7 7.8 - 9.7
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 6.3 5.5 - 7.2
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 9.4 5.3 - 15.2

Selected Cancer Sites with Increasing Trends

Increasing Greater than 1% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing by 1% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing by 1% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2014 Liver and Intrahepatic Bile DuctClick to see the detailed trend graph for Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct 8.9 8.6 - 9.2
Melanoma of the SkinClick to see the detailed trend graph for Melanoma of the Skin 25.9 25.3 - 26.5
ThyroidClick to see the detailed trend graph for Thyroid 15.3 14.8 - 15.7
MyelomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Myeloma 7.2 6.9 - 7.5
LeukemiaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Leukemia 15.8 15.3 - 16.3
Increasing Less than 1% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing by less than 1% per year^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing by less than 1% per year^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2014 Oral Cavity and PharynxClick to see the detailed trend graph for Oral Cavity and Pharynx 11.6 11.3 - 12.0
TestisClick to see the detailed trend graph for Testis 6.4 5.9 - 6.8
Esophageal adenocarcinomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Esophageal adenocarcinoma 2.7 2.5 - 2.9

Selected Cancer Sites with Decreasing Trends

Decreasing Greater than 1% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by 1% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted incidence^, 1975-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by 1% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted incidence^, 1975-2014 StomachClick to see the detailed trend graph for Stomach 6.7 6.4 - 7.0
LarynxClick to see the detailed trend graph for Larynx 2.8 2.6 - 3.0
OvaryClick to see the detailed trend graph for Ovary 11.8 11.3 - 12.3
Hodgkin LymphomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hodgkin Lymphoma 2.8 2.6 - 3.0
Esophageal squamous cell carcinomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma 1.2 1.1 - 1.4
Decreasing Less than 1% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by less than 1% per year^, delay-adjusted incidence^, 1975-2014
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2014)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by less than 1% per year^, delay-adjusted incidence^, 1975-2014 Urinary BladderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Urinary Bladder 20.7 20.2 - 21.2
Brain and Other Nervous SystemClick to see the detailed trend graph for Brain and Other Nervous System 6.4 6.1 - 6.7

Additional Information on Incidence

For the public

For health professionals

Scientific reports

Statistics

Year Range

1975-2014

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2010-2014

Summary Tables

Diagnosis

Recent Summary Trend

Falling

Desired Direction

Falling