Incidence

Data Up to Date as of:

On This Page:

In 2017, the rate of new cases of all cancers combined was 50.6 per 100,000 people per year.

Summary graph for Incidence, Click to see detailed view of graph

See Graph Details

Introduction

Cancer incidence is typically measured as the number of new cases each year for every 100,000 people (for sex-specific cancers, people of the same sex serve as the denominator) and age-adjusted to a standard population to allow comparisons over time.

In 2020, nearly half of all new cancer cases are expected to be cancers of the prostate, breast, lung, and colon and rectum. According to American Cancer Society projections, about 1,806,590 new cases of cancer are expected to be diagnosed in 2020, including 191,930 cases of prostate cancer, 279,100 cases of breast cancer, 228,820 cases of lung and bronchus cancer, and 147,950 cases of colorectal cancer.

Measure

Incidence rate: the observed number of new cancer cases per 100,000 people per year, adjusted for age and cancer case reporting delays and based on data from approximately 10 percent of the U.S. population.

Delay adjustment: a method of estimating delayed reporting of incident cases and then adjusting rates to account for this delay.

Healthy People 2020 Target

  • Reduce new cases of invasive colorectal cancer to 39.9 per 100,000 people.
  • Reduce new cases of invasive uterine cervical cancer to 7.2 per 100,000 females.

Note: There is strong evidence that screening can prevent colorectal and uterine cervical cancers.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.
Note: Goals are indicated as blue line on Detailed Trend Graphs.

Data Source

SEER Program, National Cancer Institute, 1975–2017.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

All Cancer Sites Combined

By Sex
Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2017 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 444.8 442.5 - 447.1
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 482.1 478.7 - 485.6
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 420.0 416.9 - 423.0
By Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 425.8 423.9 - 427.7
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 439.3 437.0 - 441.5
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 450.0 443.8 - 456.4
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 341.5 337.1 - 346.0
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 317.8 313.6 - 322.2
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 405.0 383.5 - 427.3

Top 4 Cancer Sites

Comparison of Top Cancer Sites
Rates of new cases of the most common cancers, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of the most common cancers, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2017 Colon and RectumClick to see the detailed trend graph for Colon and Rectum 36.8 36.2 - 37.5
Lung and BronchusClick to see the detailed trend graph for Lung and Bronchus 50.6 49.8 - 51.3
Female BreastClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female Breast 133.1 131.3 - 134.8
ProstateClick to see the detailed trend graph for Prostate 119.0 117.3 - 120.7
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Sex
Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2017 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 36.8 36.2 - 37.5
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 41.3 40.3 - 42.3
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 32.9 32.1 - 33.8
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 36.3 35.7 - 36.8
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 35.9 35.3 - 36.5
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 42.9 41.0 - 44.9
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 34.7 33.3 - 36.1
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 32.0 30.7 - 33.4
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 55.6 47.9 - 64.3
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Sex
Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2017 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 50.6 49.8 - 51.3
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 56.7 55.5 - 57.9
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 46.0 45.1 - 47.0
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 46.7 46.1 - 47.3
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 47.3 46.6 - 48.1
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 56.7 54.5 - 59.0
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 26.4 25.1 - 27.8
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 36.7 35.2 - 38.2
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 48.2 40.7 - 56.5
Female Breast Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of female breast cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of female breast cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 129.4 128.0 - 130.8
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 132.9 131.2 - 134.6
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 124.5 120.2 - 128.9
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 100.1 97.0 - 103.2
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 114.2 110.8 - 117.8
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 111.2 96.5 - 127.4
Prostate Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of prostate cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of prostate cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 112.0 110.7 - 113.4
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 108.4 106.8 - 109.9
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 180.3 174.2 - 186.5
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 82.6 79.2 - 86.1
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 66.4 63.4 - 69.4
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 65.1 51.8 - 80.4

Additional Cancer Site with a Healthy People 2020 Target

Rates of new cases of invasive uterine cervical cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of invasive uterine cervical cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2017 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 6.7 6.3 - 7.0
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 6.8 6.4 - 7.2
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 6.8 5.8 - 7.9
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 8.3 7.4 - 9.2
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 6.0 5.2 - 6.9
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 11.1 6.9 - 16.8

Selected Cancer Sites with Increasing Trends

Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing annually^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing annually^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2017 Oral Cavity and PharynxClick to see the detailed trend graph for Oral Cavity and Pharynx 11.9 11.5 - 12.3
Melanoma of the SkinClick to see the detailed trend graph for Melanoma of the Skin 25.9 25.3 - 26.4
TestisClick to see the detailed trend graph for Testis 6.4 6.0 - 6.8
MyelomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Myeloma 7.3 7.0 - 7.6
LeukemiaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Leukemia 15.2 14.8 - 15.7
Esophageal adenocarcinomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Esophageal adenocarcinoma 2.8 2.6 - 3.0

Selected Cancer Sites with Decreasing Trends

Decreasing Greater than 2% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by 2% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by 2% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2017 LarynxClick to see the detailed trend graph for Larynx 2.6 2.4 - 2.8
OvaryClick to see the detailed trend graph for Ovary 10.5 10.0 - 11.0
Esophageal squamous cell carcinomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma 1.3 1.2 - 1.4
Decreasing Less than 2% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by less than 2% per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2017
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2017)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by less than 2% per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2017 StomachClick to see the detailed trend graph for Stomach 6.7 6.4 - 6.9
Urinary BladderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Urinary Bladder 19.4 18.9 - 19.9
Brain and Other Nervous SystemClick to see the detailed trend graph for Brain and Other Nervous System 6.4 6.2 - 6.7
Hodgkin LymphomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hodgkin Lymphoma 2.3 2.2 - 2.5
Non-Hodgkin LymphomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 19.7 19.3 - 20.2

Additional Information on Incidence

For the public

For health professionals

Scientific reports

Statistics

Year Range

1975-2017

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2013-2017

Summary Tables

Diagnosis

Recent Summary Trend

Falling

Desired Direction

Falling