Incidence

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In 2013, the rate of new cases of all cancers combined was 448.6 per 100,000 people per year.

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Introduction

Cancer incidence is usually measured as the number of new cases each year for every 100,000 people (for gender-specific cancers, people of the same gender serve as the denominator) and age-adjusted to a standard population to allow comparisons over time.

In 2016, nearly half of all new cancer cases are expected to be cancers of the prostate, female breast, lung, and colon/rectum. According to American Cancer Society projections, about 1,658,210 new cases of cancer are expected to be diagnosed in 2016, including 180,890 cases of prostate cancer, 246,660 cases of female breast cancer, 224,390 cases of lung and bronchus cancer, and 134,490 cases of colon and rectum cancer.

Measure

Incidence rate: the observed number of new cancer cases per 100,000 people per year, adjusted for cancer case reporting delays and based on data from approximately 10 percent of the U.S. population.

Delay adjustment: a method of estimating delayed reporting of incident cases and then adjusting rates to account for this delay.

Healthy People 2020 Target

  • Reduce new cases of invasive colorectal cancer to 39.9 per 100,000 people.
  • Reduce new cases of invasive uterine cervical cancer to 7.2 per 100,000 females.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Data Source

SEER Program, National Cancer Institute, 1975–2013.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

All Cancer Sites Combined

By Sex
Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2013 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 448.6 (446.3 - 451.0)
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 488.6 (484.9 - 492.3)
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 422.6 (419.5 - 425.8)
By Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of all cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of all cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 419.5 (417.6 - 421.4)
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 429.9 (427.6 - 432.1)
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 444.2 (437.7 - 450.7)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 327.4 (322.8 - 332.0)
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 305.3 (300.8 - 309.7)
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 367.6 (346.1 - 389.0)

Top Cancer Sites

Comparison of Top Cancer Sites
Rates of new cases of the most common cancers, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of the most common cancers, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2013 Colon and RectumClick to see the detailed trend graph for Colon and Rectum 37.9 (37.2 - 38.6)
Lung and BronchusClick to see the detailed trend graph for Lung and Bronchus 54.6 (53.8 - 55.4)
Female BreastClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female Breast 132.2 (130.4 - 134.0)
ProstateClick to see the detailed trend graph for Prostate 112.1 (110.4 - 113.8)
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Sex
Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2013 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 37.9 (37.2 - 38.6)
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 43.7 (42.6 - 44.8)
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 33.0 (32.1 - 33.8)
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 36.7 (36.2 - 37.3)
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 35.6 (34.9 - 36.2)
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 45.8 (43.7 - 47.9)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 31.6 (30.1 - 33.0)
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 34.2 (32.7 - 35.6)
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 50.9 (42.6 - 59.1)
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Sex
Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2013 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 54.6 (53.8 - 55.4)
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 62.3 (60.9 - 63.6)
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 48.9 (47.9 - 50.0)
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 48.6 (48.0 - 49.3)
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 49.3 (48.6 - 50.1)
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 58.5 (56.1 - 61.0)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 28.3 (26.8 - 29.8)
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 37.3 (35.7 - 38.9)
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 38.4 (31.1 - 45.7)
Female Breast Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of female breast cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of female breast cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 126.2 (124.8 - 127.7)
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 129.1 (127.4 - 130.8)
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 126.4 (121.9 - 130.9)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 93.4 (90.2 - 96.6)
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 107.4 (103.9 - 110.9)
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 89.7 (76.3 - 103.0)
Prostate Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of prostate cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of prostate cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 104.6 (103.2 - 106.0)
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 99.6 (98.1 - 101.1)
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 170.0 (163.9 - 176.1)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 83.1 (79.5 - 86.8)
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 56.7 (53.8 - 59.6)
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 58.9 (45.3 - 72.5)

Additional Cancer Sites with Healthy People 2020 Targets

Rates of new cases of cervix uteri cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of cervix uteri cancer by race/ethnicity, 1992-2013 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 6.6 (6.3 - 6.9)
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 6.5 (6.1 - 6.9)
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 8.1 (7.0 - 9.3)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 8.2 (7.3 - 9.0)
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 5.7 (4.9 - 6.5)
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 9.4 (4.9 - 13.9)

Selected Cancer Sites with Increasing Trends

Increasing Greater than 1.5% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing by 1.5% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing by 1.5% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2013 ThyroidClick to see the detailed trend graph for Thyroid 15.3 (14.9 - 15.8)
MyelomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Myeloma 7.5 (7.2 - 7.8)
Liver and Intrahepatic Bile DuctClick to see the detailed trend graph for Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct 8.8 (8.5 - 9.2)
LeukemiaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Leukemia 15.8 (15.3 - 16.3)
Increasing Less than 1.5% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing by less than 1.5% per year^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing by less than 1.5% per year^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2013 Melanoma of the SkinClick to see the detailed trend graph for Melanoma of the Skin 24.8 (24.2 - 25.3)
TestisClick to see the detailed trend graph for Testis 6.1 (5.7 - 6.5)
Oral Cavity and PharynxClick to see the detailed trend graph for Oral Cavity and Pharynx 11.6 (11.3 - 12.0)
Esophageal adenocarcinomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Esophageal adenocarcinoma 2.8 (2.6 - 2.9)

Selected Cancer Sites with Decreasing Trends

Rates of selected cancer sites with decreasing delay-adjusted incidence^, 1975-2013
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2013)
Rate per 100,000 Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites with decreasing delay-adjusted incidence^, 1975-2013 Hodgkin LymphomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hodgkin Lymphoma 2.7 (2.5 - 2.9)
LarynxClick to see the detailed trend graph for Larynx 2.9 (2.7 - 3.0)
Esophageal squamous cell carcinomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma 1.3 (1.2 - 1.5)
StomachClick to see the detailed trend graph for Stomach 6.9 (6.6 - 7.2)
OvaryClick to see the detailed trend graph for Ovary 11.7 (11.2 - 12.3)

Additional Information on Incidence

For the public

Scientific reports

Statistics

Year Range

1975-2013

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2009-2013

Summary Tables

Diagnosis

Recent Summary Trend

Falling

Desired Direction

Falling