Incidence

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In 2018, the rate of new cases of all cancers combined was 47.9 per 100,000 people per year.

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Background

Cancer incidence is typically measured as the number of new cases each year for every 100,000 people (for sex-specific cancers, people of the same sex serve as the denominator) and age-adjusted to a standard population to allow comparisons over time.

In 2021, nearly half of all new cancer cases are expected to be cancers of the prostate, breast, lung, and colon and rectum. According to American Cancer Society projections, about 1,898,160 new cases of cancer are expected to be diagnosed in 2021, including 248,530 cases of prostate cancer, 284,200 cases of breast cancer, 235,760 cases of lung and bronchus cancer, and 149,500 cases of colorectal cancer.

Measure

Incidence rate: the observed number of new cancer cases per 100,000 people per year, adjusted for age and cancer case reporting delays and based on data from approximately 10 percent of the U.S. population.

Delay adjustment: a method of estimating delayed reporting of incident cases and then adjusting rates to account for this delay.

Healthy People 2030 Target

There are no Healthy People 2030 targets for cancer incidence.

Healthy People 2030 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Data Source

SEER Program, National Cancer Institute, 1975–2018.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

All Cancer Sites Combined

By Sex
Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2018 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 445.3 443.1 - 447.5
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 479.5 476.1 - 483.0
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 423.1 420.1 - 426.2
By Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 2000-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 2000-2018 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 450.5 449.3 - 451.6
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 462.9 461.6 - 464.2
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 446.4 442.9 - 449.9
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 357.7 354.9 - 360.5
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 318.0 314.9 - 321.2
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 340.2 326.2 - 354.7

Top 4 Cancer Sites

Comparison of Top Cancer Sites
Rates of new cases of the most common cancers, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of the most common cancers, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2018 Colon and RectumClick to see the detailed trend graph for Colon and Rectum 35.5 34.9 - 36.2
Lung and BronchusClick to see the detailed trend graph for Lung and Bronchus 47.9 47.2 - 48.7
Female BreastClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female Breast 134.5 132.8 - 136.2
ProstateClick to see the detailed trend graph for Prostate 119.3 117.6 - 120.9
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Sex
Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2018 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 35.5 34.9 - 36.2
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 40.0 39.0 - 41.0
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 31.6 30.8 - 32.5
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 2000-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 2000-2018 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 36.8 36.4 - 37.1
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 36.5 36.1 - 36.9
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 41.2 40.1 - 42.3
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 33.3 32.4 - 34.1
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 30.1 29.1 - 31.0
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 38.7 34.0 - 43.7
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Sex
Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2018 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 47.9 47.2 - 48.7
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 52.4 51.2 - 53.5
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 44.7 43.7 - 45.7
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 2000-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 2000-2018 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 50.8 50.4 - 51.2
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 52.5 52.1 - 52.9
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 51.6 50.4 - 52.8
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 27.6 26.8 - 28.5
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 35.5 34.5 - 36.5
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 39.2 34.3 - 44.5
Female Breast Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of female breast cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 2000-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of female breast cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 2000-2018 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 131.3 130.4 - 132.2
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 133.5 132.5 - 134.5
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 124.9 122.5 - 127.4
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 102.6 100.6 - 104.5
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 114.2 111.7 - 116.7
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 89.9 80.6 - 100.0
Prostate Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of prostate cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 2000-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of prostate cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 2000-2018 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 119.3 118.4 - 120.1
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 114.1 113.1 - 115.0
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 189.0 185.6 - 192.5
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 92.9 90.7 - 95.2
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 64.8 62.7 - 67.0
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 54.8 46.5 - 64.1

Selected Cancer Sites with Increasing Trends

Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing annually^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing annually^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2018 Oral Cavity and PharynxClick to see the detailed trend graph for Oral Cavity and Pharynx 12.3 11.9 - 12.7
PancreasClick to see the detailed trend graph for Pancreas 13.6 13.3 - 14.0
Melanoma of the SkinClick to see the detailed trend graph for Melanoma of the Skin 25.8 25.2 - 26.3
TestisClick to see the detailed trend graph for Testis 6.0 5.6 - 6.4
LeukemiaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Leukemia 14.4 14.0 - 14.8
Esophageal adenocarcinomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Esophageal adenocarcinoma 2.8 2.6 - 3.0

Selected Cancer Sites with Decreasing Trends

Decreasing Greater than 2% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by 2% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by 2% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2018 LarynxClick to see the detailed trend graph for Larynx 2.3 2.1 - 2.5
OvaryClick to see the detailed trend graph for Ovary 9.5 9.0 - 10.0
Urinary BladderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Urinary Bladder 18.6 18.1 - 19.0
ThyroidClick to see the detailed trend graph for Thyroid 13.6 13.2 - 14.0
Decreasing Less than 2% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by less than 2% per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by less than 2% per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2018 StomachClick to see the detailed trend graph for Stomach 6.3 6.0 - 6.5
Brain and Other Nervous SystemClick to see the detailed trend graph for Brain and Other Nervous System 6.5 6.2 - 6.8
Hodgkin LymphomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hodgkin Lymphoma 2.6 2.4 - 2.7
Non-Hodgkin LymphomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 19.4 19.0 - 19.9

Additional Information on Incidence

Year Range

1975-2018

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2014-2018

Summary Tables

Diagnosis

Recent Summary Trend

Falling

Desired Direction

Falling