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Melanoma is a type of skin cancer in which malignant cells form in melanocytes (cells that color the skin). While less common than other types of skin cancer, it is more likely to spread to other parts of the body and to be a cause of death. Melanoma may also occur in mucous membranes (thin tissue layers that cover surfaces such as the lips). Standard treatment for melanoma can include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or targeted therapy. Surgery to remove the tumor is the primary treatment for all stages of melanoma; this may include determining whether the melanoma has spread to neighboring lymph nodes. Systemic therapies and/or radiation therapy may be used following surgery. Newer treatments including vaccine therapy are being explored in clinical trials.
Percentage of individuals with advanced (stage III or IV) melanoma of the skin receiving chemotherapy.
Healthy People 2030 Target
- There are no Healthy People 2030 targets for cancer treatment, including melanoma of the skin treatment.
Healthy People 2030 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.
SEER Patterns of Care/Quality of Care Studies, National Cancer Institute, 2001-2018.
Additional Information on Melanoma Treatment
- Advances in Melanoma and Other Skin Cancer Research. National Cancer Institute.
- Melanoma Treatment (PDQ®)-Health Professional Version. National Cancer Institute.