Indoor Tanning

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In 2015, 10.6% of female adolescents used an indoor tanning device within the past year.

Summary graph for Indoor Tanning, Click to see detailed view of graph

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Introduction

Exposure to artificial ultraviolet (UV) light from indoor tanning beds and sun lamps increases the risk of skin cancer. In July 2014, a Surgeon General’s Call To Action to Prevent Skin Cancer Report was released. One of the goals of this report was to reduce the harms from indoor tanning. In the same year, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) increased the stringency of regulations related to indoor tanning equipment and facilities that provide indoor tanning services, and changed the classification of such devices to a Class II from a Class I. Several states have adopted youth access restrictions for tanning beds, and FDA has proposed a nationwide restriction for minors’ (under 18) access to tanning beds.

Measure

The percentage of high school students (grades 9-12) who reported use of an indoor tanning device such as a sunlamp, sunbed, or tanning booth (not counting getting a spray-on tan) one or more times during the 12 months before the survey.

The percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who have used an indoor tanning device one or more times during the past 12 months. Although NHIS-CCS also collected this data for adults in 2005 and 2008, the methodology used then likely resulted in overestimates and so that data was not included here.

Healthy People 2020 Target

  • Reduce to 14 percent the proportion of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who report using artificial sources of ultraviolet light for tanning.
  • Reduce to 3.6 percent the proportion of adults aged 18 years and older who report using artificial sources of ultraviolet light for tanning.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Data Source

Adolescents: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), 2009–2015.

Adults: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey NCI and CDC co-sponsored Cancer Control Supplement, 2010-2015.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

Adolescents

By Sex
Percentage of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by sex, 2009-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of adolescents Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by sex, 2009-2015 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 7.3 (5.9 - 8.7)
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 4.0 (3.4 - 4.6)
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 10.6 (8.2 - 13.1)
By Race/Ethnicity
Percentage of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by race/ethnicity, 2009-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of adolescents Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by race/ethnicity, 2009-2015 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 7.3 (5.9 - 8.7)
Non-Hispanic WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hispanic White 9.4 (7.4 - 11.4)
Non-Hispanic BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hispanic Black 3.7 (2.3 - 5.1)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 4.7 (3.3 - 6.1)
Females by Race/Ethnicity
Percentage of female adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by race/ethnicity, 2009-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of female adolescents Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of female adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by race/ethnicity, 2009-2015 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 10.6 (8.2 - 13.1)
Non-Hispanic WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hispanic White 15.2 (11.5 - 19.0)
Non-Hispanic BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hispanic Black 2.1 (0.9 - 3.3)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 5.8 (3.6 - 8.0)
By High School Grade
Percentage of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by grade level, 2009-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of adolescents Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by grade level, 2009-2015 Grade 9Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 9 4.2 (3.2 - 5.3)
Grade 10Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 10 5.3 (3.5 - 7.2)
Grade 11Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 11 9.0 (6.3 - 11.6)
Grade 12Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 12 10.8 (8.5 - 13.2)
Females by High School Grade
Percentage of female adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by grade level, 2009-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of female adolescents Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of female adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by grade level, 2009-2015 Grade 9Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 9 6.0 (4.4 - 7.6)
Grade 10Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 10 7.1 (3.9 - 10.4)
Grade 11Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 11 14.0 (9.4 - 18.5)
Grade 12Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 12 16.2 (12.1 - 20.2)
Non-Hispanic White Female by High School Grade
Percentage of Non-Hispanic White female adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by grade level, 2009-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of female Non-Hispanic White adolescents Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of Non-Hispanic White female adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by grade level, 2009-2015 Grade 9Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 9 7.4 (4.7 - 10.1)
Grade 10Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 10 9.9 (4.5 - 15.2)
Grade 11Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 11 19.7 (12.8 - 26.6)
Grade 12Click to see the detailed trend graph for Grade 12 24.8 (19.4 - 30.2)

Adults

By Sex
Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by sex, 2010-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by sex, 2010-2015 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 3.6 (3.3 - 4.0)
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 1.7 (1.4 - 2.0)
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 5.6 (5.0 - 6.1)
By Race/Ethnicity
Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by race/ethnicity, 2010-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by race/ethnicity, 2010-2015 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 3.6 (3.3 - 4.0)
Non-Hispanic WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hispanic White 5.5 (5.0 - 6.1)
Non-Hispanic BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hispanic Black 0.2 (0.0 - 0.3)
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 1.0 (0.7 - 1.3)
By Age
Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by age, 2010-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by age, 2010-2015 Ages 18-24Click to see the detailed trend graph for Ages 18-24 6.2 (5.0 - 7.4)
Ages 25+Click to see the detailed trend graph for Ages 25+ 3.3 (2.9 - 3.6)
By Sex and Age
Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by sex and age, 2010-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by sex and age, 2010-2015 Males, Ages 18-24Click to see the detailed trend graph for Males, Ages 18-24 1.5 (0.7 - 2.3)
Males, Ages 25+Click to see the detailed trend graph for Males, Ages 25+ 1.7 (1.3 - 2.0)
Females, Ages 18-24Click to see the detailed trend graph for Females, Ages 18-24 11.0 (8.8 - 13.2)
Females, Ages 25+Click to see the detailed trend graph for Females, Ages 25+ 4.8 (4.3 - 5.3)
By Poverty Income Level
Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by poverty income level, 2010-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by poverty income level, 2010-2015 <200% of federal poverty levelClick to see the detailed trend graph for <200% of federal poverty level 2.6 (2.2 - 3.0)
>=200% of federal poverty levelClick to see the detailed trend graph for >=200% of federal poverty level 4.2 (3.7 - 4.6)
By Education Level
Percentage of adults aged 25 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by highest level of education obtained, 2010-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Percent of adults Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of adults aged 25 years and older who used an indoor tanning device in the past year by highest level of education obtained, 2010-2015 Less than High SchoolClick to see the detailed trend graph for Less than High School 1.6 (1.0 - 2.1)
High SchoolClick to see the detailed trend graph for High School 3.8 (3.1 - 4.5)
Greater than High SchoolClick to see the detailed trend graph for Greater than High School 3.4 (3.0 - 3.8)

Additional Information on Indoor Tanning

For the public

For health professionals

Scientific reports

Statistics

Year Range

2009-2015

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2011-2015

Summary Tables

Sun Protection

Recent Summary Trend

Falling

Desired Direction

Falling