Chemical Exposures - Prevention Summary Table

Only one measure per topic is displayed in the summary table. A complete set of measures, where they exist, can be found by following the More Information link in the table below.

Legend:
green line green - headed in the right direction
red line red - headed in the wrong direction
black line black - stable or non-significant change (NSC)
purple purple - indeterminate
blue blue - Healthy People 2020 target
Measure Name: Radon
Measure Name Radon
Year Range 2003-2013
Measure

The proportion of homes with an operating radon mitigation system for persons living in homes at risk for radon exposure. This measure is expressed as a percentage. It is calculated for each year by dividing the cumulative number of single family dwellings (SFD) with an operating mitigation system by the number of SFDs estimated to have a radon level ≥4pCi/L, which is EPA’s action level.

Recent Summary Trend Rising
Recent Summary Trend Year Range 2009-2013
Desired Direction Rising
Summary Graph Summary graph for Radon, Click to see detailed view of graph
Trends and Most Recent Estimates In 2013, 15.0% homes at risk for radon exposure had an operating radon mitigation system.
Healthy People 2020 Target Increase the percent of at-risk homes with an operating radon mitigation system to 30.0%.
More Information Radon
Measure Name: Arsenic
Measure Name Arsenic
Year Range 2003-2012
Measure

We present exposure data on the 95th percentile of the population, representing people with the greatest exposure. The 95th percentile level means that 95% of the population has concentrations below that level. Public health officials use such reference values to determine whether groups of people are experiencing an exposure that is unusual compared with an exposure experienced by the rest of the population. [Citation]

Recent Summary Trend Stable
Recent Summary Trend Year Range 2007-2012
Desired Direction Falling
Summary Graph Summary graph for Arsenic, Click to see detailed view of graph
Trends and Most Recent Estimates In 2011 to 2012, the urinary (creatinine corrected) concentration of arsenic among persons aged 6 years and older was 50.3 µg/g of creatinine.
Healthy People 2020 Target Reduce exposure to arsenic in the population, as measured by blood and urine concentrations of the substance or its metabolites, to 35.28 µg/g of creatinine.
More Information Arsenic
Measure Name: Cadmium
Measure Name Cadmium
Year Range 1999-2012
Measure

We present exposure data on the 95th percentile of the population, representing people with the greatest exposure. The 95th percentile level means that 95% of the population has concentrations below that level. Public health officials use such reference values to determine whether groups of people are experiencing an exposure that is unusual compared with an exposure experienced by the rest of the population. [Citation]

Recent Summary Trend Non-Significant Change
Recent Summary Trend Year Range 2007-2012
Desired Direction Falling
Summary Graph Summary graph for Cadmium, Click to see detailed view of graph
Trends and Most Recent Estimates In 2011 to 2012, the blood (lipid-adjusted) concentration of cadmium among persons aged 1 year and older was 1.5 µg/L.
Healthy People 2020 Target Reduce exposure to cadmium in the population, as measured by blood and urine concentrations of the substance or its metabolites, to 1.12 µg/L.
More Information Cadmium
Measure Name: Nitrate
Measure Name Nitrate
Year Range 2001-2012
Measure

We present exposure data on the 95th percentile of the population, representing people with the greatest exposure. The 95th percentile level means that 95% of the population has concentrations below that level. Public health officials use such reference values to determine whether groups of people are experiencing an exposure that is unusual compared with an exposure experienced by the rest of the population. [Citation]

Recent Summary Trend Non-Significant Change
Recent Summary Trend Year Range 2007-2012
Desired Direction Falling
Summary Graph Summary graph for Nitrate, Click to see detailed view of graph
Trends and Most Recent Estimates In 2011 to 2012, the urinary (creatinine corrected) concentration of nitrate among persons aged 6 years and older was 137.4 mg/g of creatinine.
Healthy People 2020 Target There is no Healthy People 2020 target for nitrate exposure.
More Information Nitrate
Measure Name: Benzene
Measure Name Benzene
Year Range 2001-2006
Measure

We present exposure data on the 95th percentile of the population, representing people with the greatest exposure. The 95th percentile level means that 95% of the population has concentrations below that level. Public health officials use such reference values to determine whether groups of people are experiencing an exposure that is unusual compared with an exposure experienced by the rest of the population. [Citation]

Recent Summary Trend Non-Significant Change
Recent Summary Trend Year Range 2001-2006
Desired Direction Falling
Summary Graph Summary graph for Benzene, Click to see detailed view of graph
Trends and Most Recent Estimates In 2005 to 2006, the blood (lipid-adjusted) concentration of benzene among persons aged 20 years and older was 0.3 ng/mL.
Healthy People 2020 Target There is no Healthy People 2020 target for benzene exposure.
More Information Benzene
Measure Name Arsenic Benzene Cadmium Nitrate Radon
Year Range 2003-2012 2001-2006 1999-2012 2001-2012 2003-2013
Measure

We present exposure data on the 95th percentile of the population, representing people with the greatest exposure. The 95th percentile level means that 95% of the population has concentrations below that level. Public health officials use such reference values to determine whether groups of people are experiencing an exposure that is unusual compared with an exposure experienced by the rest of the population. [Citation]

We present exposure data on the 95th percentile of the population, representing people with the greatest exposure. The 95th percentile level means that 95% of the population has concentrations below that level. Public health officials use such reference values to determine whether groups of people are experiencing an exposure that is unusual compared with an exposure experienced by the rest of the population. [Citation]

We present exposure data on the 95th percentile of the population, representing people with the greatest exposure. The 95th percentile level means that 95% of the population has concentrations below that level. Public health officials use such reference values to determine whether groups of people are experiencing an exposure that is unusual compared with an exposure experienced by the rest of the population. [Citation]

We present exposure data on the 95th percentile of the population, representing people with the greatest exposure. The 95th percentile level means that 95% of the population has concentrations below that level. Public health officials use such reference values to determine whether groups of people are experiencing an exposure that is unusual compared with an exposure experienced by the rest of the population. [Citation]

The proportion of homes with an operating radon mitigation system for persons living in homes at risk for radon exposure. This measure is expressed as a percentage. It is calculated for each year by dividing the cumulative number of single family dwellings (SFD) with an operating mitigation system by the number of SFDs estimated to have a radon level ≥4pCi/L, which is EPA’s action level.

Recent Summary Trend Stable Non-Significant Change Non-Significant Change Non-Significant Change Rising
Recent Summary Trend Year Range 2007-2012 2001-2006 2007-2012 2007-2012 2009-2013
Desired Direction Falling Falling Falling Falling Rising
Summary Graph Summary graph for Arsenic, Click to see detailed view of graph Summary graph for Benzene, Click to see detailed view of graph Summary graph for Cadmium, Click to see detailed view of graph Summary graph for Nitrate, Click to see detailed view of graph Summary graph for Radon, Click to see detailed view of graph
Trends and Most Recent Estimates In 2011 to 2012, the urinary (creatinine corrected) concentration of arsenic among persons aged 6 years and older was 50.3 µg/g of creatinine. In 2005 to 2006, the blood (lipid-adjusted) concentration of benzene among persons aged 20 years and older was 0.3 ng/mL. In 2011 to 2012, the blood (lipid-adjusted) concentration of cadmium among persons aged 1 year and older was 1.5 µg/L. In 2011 to 2012, the urinary (creatinine corrected) concentration of nitrate among persons aged 6 years and older was 137.4 mg/g of creatinine. In 2013, 15.0% homes at risk for radon exposure had an operating radon mitigation system.
Healthy People 2020 Target Reduce exposure to arsenic in the population, as measured by blood and urine concentrations of the substance or its metabolites, to 35.28 µg/g of creatinine. There is no Healthy People 2020 target for benzene exposure. Reduce exposure to cadmium in the population, as measured by blood and urine concentrations of the substance or its metabolites, to 1.12 µg/L. There is no Healthy People 2020 target for nitrate exposure. Increase the percent of at-risk homes with an operating radon mitigation system to 30.0%.
More Information Arsenic Benzene Cadmium Nitrate Radon
Last Updated November 2015 November 2015 November 2015 November 2015 January 2017